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November 14, 2017:

Forgetfulness along with a large number of leaves to remove from my yard conspired to make this update several days late.

November 9 was the 50th anniversary of the first Saturn V launch. I've uploaded my photos of SA-501's payload, Apollo 4, when it was displayed at the Stennis Space Center.

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November 6, 2017:

New and updated photos of the James S. McDonnell Prologue Room, including plaques commemorating Project Mercury and Project Gemini, from my visit to St. Louis during this summer's solar eclipse.

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October 16, 2017:

I visited the Wisconsin Maritime Museum during last month's Smithsonian Magazine's Museum Day Live!.

I posted a few new and updated photos to my Mark 27 torpedo and periscope photo sets. I also revised the descriptions of the existing photos on and added a bunch of new photos to my cutaway Mark 23 torpedo afterbody set.

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October 5, 2017:

Two new diagrams on my General Saturn IB Diagrams page.

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September 16, 2017:

To go with the previous update, I uploaded my photos of the Pratt & Whitney R-4360 "Wasp Major" engine cutaway at the Air Zoo.

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September 10, 2017:

Have watched a few episodes of The Age of Aerospace on the Discovery Network; it's very well-done (but, as to be expected, biased toward Boeing).

One of the episodes discussed the problems that the B-29 had with their Wright R-3350 Duplex-Cyclone engines, and an article I read noted that the problems really weren't fully resolved until they switched to the Wasp Major in the B-29D/B-50 program.

So inspired, I uploaded my photos of the Pratt & Whitney R-4360 "Wasp Major" engine at the Air Zoo.

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August 19, 2017:

We'll be visiting the St. Louis area for Monday's eclipse, and will be stopping off at the James S. McDonnell Prologue Room on the way home. As I've been planning what additional photos I want to take on this trip, I've posted some new and updated photos of the overall Prologue Room and the request for proposal that led to the DC-1.

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August 14, 2017:

New and updated photos of the cutaway V-2 combustion chamber at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force.

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August 2, 2017:

More new and updated diagrams on my V-2 combustion chamber cutaways page.

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July 23, 2017:

I added two new diagrams to my V-2 combustion chamber cutaways page.

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July 9, 2017:

A page discussing the V-2 rocket engine burner cups.

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July 4, 2017:

July 4th brings to mind the "rockets' red glare." In order to glare red, a rocket needs fuel nozzles to mix its fuel with its oxidizer in an efficient fashion to promote combustion.

To this end, I uploaded photos from a new venue, the archives of the University of Alabama at Huntsville, including a V-2 engine burner cup fuel nozzle and a V-2 engine burner cup section.

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June 11, 2017:

Today I've uploaded the last of my Saturn "all-up" flight testing material, uploading comments from a number of NASA officials in response to a requests for comments on the topic from Mitchell Sharpe, as research for his "Saturn and All-Up Flight Testing" paper:

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June 4, 2017:

Returning once again to the topic of Saturn "all-up" flight testing, I've uploaded comments from a number of Marshall Space Flight Center officials in response to a requests for comments on the topic from Mitchell Sharpe, as research for his "Saturn and All-Up Flight Testing" paper:

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May 27, 2017:

A reader emailed to point out that the Astronaut Hall of Fame had closed, with most of its artifacts being transferred to KSC's new "Heroes and Legends" exhibit. I already new this, but hadn't thought to update my site.

I took this opportunity to go through all of the photos on my AHOF. The Astronaut Hall of Fame was one of the first photo sets I uploaded after I started my site in 2008, uploading it less than a month after the site went live. So, I updated the HTML, verified and updated any dead links, and added links to other pages on heroicrelics.

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May 21, 2017:

I'm working on a larger update, but in support of that I've uploaded additional photos of the Mercury engineering development fixture at the James S. McDonnell Prologue Room and a page regarding the Mercury spacecraft escape hatch.

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May 20, 2017:

I've been quite surprised at the lack of news coverage regarding the 90th anniversary of Charles Lindbergh making the first solo transatlantic flight aboard the Spirit of St. Louis, taking off at 7:52 a.m. on May 20, 1927 from Roosevelt Field on Long Island and landing at Le Bourget airport in Paris at 10:00 p.m. on May 21.

I was nine when the 50th anniversary was celebrated in 1977, and the newspapers were full of Lindbergh stories in the weeks and days leading up to the anniversary.

Commemorate the event by visiting the Spirit of St. Louis at the National Air & Space Museum or a flying replica at the EAA Museum.

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May 13, 2017:

Returning to the topic of "all-up" flight testing, I've uploaded a Saturn History Project paper entitled "Saturn and All-Up Flight Testing", which examines the context in which the "all-up" concept arose and features recollections from the men involved.

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May 7, 2017:

By special request, the Shuttle SRB hold-down bolt and frangible nut at the Kansas Cosmosphere. I also uploaded additional photos of the SRB at Marshall Space Flight Center, including photos of the aft skirt and hold-down posts (to which the hold-down bolts attached).

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April 26, 2017:

Just about any story about the Apollo or Saturn programs will include a reference to George Mueller's "all-up" memo, instructing engineers to depart from their normal "building block" approach to testing (launching first one stage, then adding another, and another, until the entire rocket is eventually launched at one time) in favor of testing all of the stages and the full spacecraft on the very first launch.

Although this memo is frequently referenced, it is rarely seen, and to the best of my knowledge was previously available from only one place on the Internet, and only in truncated form.

Today I uploaded a transcription and scan of the full and complete George Mueller "all-up" memo.

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April 15, 2017:

Additional photos of the V-1 at the Kansas Cosmosphere.

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April 8, 2017:

Photos of the V-1 World War II memorial and the Putnam County court house in Greencastle, Indiana.

Since the U.S. is now marking the centennial of its involvement in World War I, I'll specifically mention the "Spirit of the American Doughboy" World War I memorial also located outside the court house.

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March 31, 2017:

Photos of the German U-boat U-505, before it was moved indoors, at the Museum of Science & Industry.

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March 18, 2017:

Four additional drawings added to my V-1 cutaway diagrams page.

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March 11, 2017:

I took a couple of diagrams that I'd mostly cleaned up somewhere along the line and made a page of V-1 cutaway diagrams.

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March 5, 2017:

New and updated photos of the JB-2 Loon at the Udvar-Hazy Center.

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February 25, 2017:

Photos of several SR-71 Blackbird components, including an ejection seat, a tire, and a control panel, all at the Kansas Cosmosphere.

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February 18, 2017 (update #2):

For the first update of the new year (sorry for the tardiness), I've added a two-view sketch of the Redstone A-6 rocket engine to my Redstone Rocket Engines (A-6 and A-7) page.

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February 18, 2017:

I've finally archived 2016's news.

2016 was a busy year, leaving less time for the Website than I would have liked.

A lot of my free time early in the year was spent helping Saturn/Apollo historian David Woods with his most recent book, the Haynes NASA Saturn V Owners' Workshop Manual, providing many photos and diagrams as well as fact checking, minor editing, and some (hopefully!) helpful suggestions. I also wrote the introduction to and provided a couple of illustrations for Saturn historian and heroicrelics contributor Alan Lawrie's latest book (in Arcadia's "Images of Modern America" series), Saturn V Rocket. Toward the end of the year I provided consultation to a television production company working on a multi-part Apollo series.

In fall, my youngest son went off to college, meaning that I now had to mow my own grass, rake my own leaves, shovel my own snow, and do my own laundry (I urge you parents to cherish your children while they still live with you :-)

I had planned on writing some updates to the software that I use to maintain my photo sets, but made only a small amount of progress on that front and so that remains to be done in 2017.

I ended 2016 with 12,603 images (an increase of 658) and 1003 supplemental images/PDFs (an increase of 34).

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January 1, 2016:

With the start of a new year, I've archived 2015's news.

Less travel again this year, although my trip to Huntsville yielded a good deal of detailed research on interesting topics, some of which I hope to post in the coming months. I've also contributed to several additional books; I plan to add a page with heroicrelics book and media contributions in the coming months as well.

As I mentioned above, I am likely to engage in at least one major, detailed research topic. I've also been telling myself for the past couple of years that I'll make some technical improvements to the Website, but haven't yet. I'll tell myself once again that I'll do that, but since I'm telling you, that will hopefully have a bigger impact :-)

A side effect of this is that I'm likely to have fewer and smaller (although more substantive) updates for at least the initial part of 2016.

I ended 2015 with 11,945 images (an increase of 1,657) and 969 supplemental images/PDFs (an increase of 64).

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January 1, 2015:

With the start of a new year, I've archived 2014's news.

For the most part, 2014 was an average year, although I found myself able to travel less than in past years. The highlight of the year was my only 2014 trip to Huntsville, with visits to the UAH and USSRC archives and a return visit to Marshall Space Flight Center.

I assisted with a number of media projects in 2014, two which were released in 2014. First is the "Images of America" series book on the Michoud Assembly Facility, for which I supplied a number of photos and maps and consulted on a number of photo captions. I also supplied a photo for a Spaceflight magazine article on the Apollo 15 stand-up EVA. Two additional projects with which I assisted are expected to be released in 2015.

I ended 2014 with 10,288 images (an increase of an even 1,600) and 905 supplemental images/PDFs (an increase of 106).

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January 1, 2014:

Since it's now the year 2014, I've archived 2013's news.

2013, of course, was full of museum and archive visits. I visited two new venues in 2013: I started out in January at the home of Mark Wells (of Rocket Relics fame). He was gracious enough to let me rummage through his collection and set up a bunch of lighting and camera equipment in his office. Later in the year, I visited the Great Lakes Science Center, which inherited a number of the artifacts formerly displayed at the Glenn Research Center Visitor Center when the latter closed in 2009.

One of my other favorite visits included a visit to Marshall Space Flight Center, arranged by an engineer who contacted me through he site. He not only got me a badge which gave me unescorted access to the MSFC grounds, but he also escorted me through the East and West Test Areas and got me inside of all of the buildings of which I'd hoped to photograph the exterior, as well as a couple others of which I was previously unaware (e.g., I didn't know that the S-IC Test Stand had an observation bunker). Over lunch, an engineer whose office was down the hall from his asked him why he'd been over at the remains of the Cold Calibration Test Stand. When he said that he was escorting a photographer, his office mate inquired as to whether it was "that heroicrelics guy"!

I received similar red-carpet treatment when I visited the Kansas Cosmosphere at the end of the year. I visited to see the F-1 engines recovered from the ocean floor (sorry, there are restrictions on photography), expecting to spend an hour or two, but wound up spending the better part of the day with the engine parts. (When I first arrived at SpaceWorks everyone perked up when I was introduced as "Mike from heroicrelics"!) The Cosmosphere staff did everything they could to make my visit successful and productive.

2013 also had a couple of site milestones: August of 2013 marked the site's fifth anniversary, and the final update of 2013 marked the site's 10,000th web page (as defined by the Google Webmaster Tools service).

I ended 2013 with 8,688 images (an increase of 1,420) and 799 supplemental images/PDFs (an increase of 207).

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January 1, 2013:

With the start of a new year, I archived 2012's news.

In 2012, heroicrelics was in the media a bit. Ars Technica ran an article about a behind the scenes tour of Mission Control, including a copy of my Apollo 13 Command Module control panel diagram near the bottom of page 4. When Freedom 7 was moved from the Armel-Leftwich Visitor Center at the U.S. Naval Academy, space.com ran an article which included my Freedom 7 spacecraft/earth composite photo. And I supplied a number of diagrams to the Haynes Lunar Rover Manual: 1971-1972 (Apollo 15-17; LRV1-3 & 1G Trainer).

The highlight of my year came in July, when I visited Marshall Space Flight Center to photograph an F-1 engine which had been disassembled. Coincidentally, at the time I was just about finishing up an in-depth series of pages on the F-1 injector, injector baffles, and thrust chamber, as well as a page of F-1 cutaways. Although it was not pre-planned, I also received a tour which included the East and West Test areas, including the top of the Dynamic Test Stand, the Cold Calibration Test Stands, the Static Test Tower, the top of the S-IC Test Stand, and the F-1 Test Stand (which, sadly, was demolished in 2012). I also had some time by myself to photograph the engines in front of Building 4200 and Building 4205, as well as spending some quality time in the Rocket Garden.

In addition to my visits to the "normal" document archives, I also visited the home of aerospace consultant Dave Christensen, scanning a number of V-2 and Jupiter-related diagrams, as well as some interesting reports, including some related to H-1 and Jupiter engine development, as well as the original MSFC memo regarding Esther Goddard's patent infringement claims.

I ended 2012 with 7,368 photos (an increase of 1313, which seems oddly coincidental, going into 2013) and 679 supplemental images/PDFs (an increase of 177).

Shortly before the end of the year, I realized that I had not updated the program I use to count supplemental images when I started posting medium-sized versions of photos (it was already properly filtering out small-sized versions of photos). The program was also not filtering out the small- and medium-sized PDFs. So, I updated that program today, and reset the supplemental images counter to 592 (I didn't change the program and counter earlier, so that I could more easily track year-to-year changes).

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January 1, 2012:

With the start of a new year, I archived 2011's news.

It seems that in 2011 I spent more on research and historical documents, rather than uploading photos of artifacts in museums. This isn't any sort of strategic shift, but rather what held my interest long enough to bring a project to completion.

I visited the archives of the University of Alabama at Huntsville several times, taking my laptop and scanner. Many of the items I put online in 2011 came from the archives at UAH.

Some of the original documents I scanned at UAH were already available on the Internet, but of a much lower quality (e.g., the Saturn V Apollo Flight Configuration Saturn V poster -- including the elusive "Sheet 2", a huge Apollo Command Module Main Display -- where all the labels on all of the buttons and switches are clearly readable, and the similarly large Lunar Module Controls and Displays). I also painstakingly restored the famous "Operation Paperclip" photo of the von Braun Rocket Team at Ft. Bliss and made an interactive identification version of this photo.

Something I'd not seen elsewhere on the Internet is my 55-inch-wide Assembly Layout S-IC Stage, Saturn V, an impressive engineering drawing of the Saturn V first stage.

One of my larger research projects included my F-1 Major Configuration Change Points. This started off as a transcript of a memo I found at UAH. I annotated this memo and added many photos illustrating these changes. While several of the photos were ones I'd taken and were already on the site, many of the photos are much rarer, being ones I scanned at the UAH archives or obtained from a Rocketdyne retiree.

I've already got the first road trip of 2012 planned; it includes a stop at the UAH archives, the USSRC, Grissom Memorial, and a stop off at somewhere I've not previously visited, one of the few German-produced V-1s in the U.S.

So, I ended 2011 with 6,055 pictures of relics (an increase of only 470) and 502 supplemental images online (an increase of 247, nearly doubling this number).

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January 1, 2011:

With the start of a new year, I archived 2010's news.

2010 saw a number of technical improvements to the site.

Around the beginning of the year, I finished rewriting the software I use to maintain the site. Over the years, I've made several visits to many museums, and I've upgraded my camera between some of those visits. Prior to this rewrite, it wasn't possible to combine the batches of pictures I've taken with different cameras in a single page, because the software only supported a single camera resolution on a given museum page. This forced me to maintain two different data files for each of these museums, and was quite a bother to deal with. But, now I've got all the pictures from each museum residing in a single data file, allowing me to mix-and-match pictures from each trip.

In October, I moved away from "plain-text" info pages. I rolled out a theme loosely-based on the Apollo command and lunar module control panels, making these pages as attractive to look at as they are informative. I hope to modify my software again so I can use this theme on all remaining pages, but that'll be a fair chunk of work.

Another goal in 2010 was to upload at least one picture set from each museum or other venue I've visited. Creating the initial upload for a museum involves a fair amount of overhead, and there'd been times when I wanted to upload a picture set in response to a news event or some forum post, but I couldn't quickly do so because that picture set was part of a museum I'd not yet uploaded. I didn't quite meet that goal – I still have five museums to go – but I'm in a much better position and I hope to get those remaining museums online in the coming weeks.

In the "bragging" portion of this news item, in August I was asked to prepare a version of my S-II stage insulation page for inclusion in NASA's Apollo Flight Journal; it's available via the Journal's home page or at http://history.nasa.gov/afj/s-ii/s-ii-insulation.html.

Finally, in the "vital statistics" portion of this news item, 2010 ended with 5,585 pictures of relics and 255 supplemental images online, an increase of 2,118 and 110, respectively.

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January 1, 2010:

With the start of a new year, I archived 2009's news.

The Website continued to grow in 2009. In May I moved away from a "plain text" main page, adding the Mission Control console theme, and splitting the main page into multiple sub-pages.

2009 ended with 3,467 pictures of relics and 145 supplemental pictures online, an increase of 1,779 and 126, respectively. 1,007 of the new relics pictures were added during the nine-day Apollo 11 anniversary.

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January 1, 2009:

With the start of a new year, I archived 2008's news.

2008 was quite a year for me, as I'd been talking about starting a Website for several years. I realized that I was never going to be "ready", so I finally just went and did it. 2008 ended with 1688 pictures of relics and 19 supplemental pictures online.

Certainly the highlight of the year came December 22, when collectSPACE ran a feature article (the basis of which was written by Alan Lawrie) about an Apollo 8 F-1 engine I photographed while touring MSFC, and then a day later when a "teaser" version of that same article hit the front page of space.com.

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August 15, 2008:

Site goes live. "Live" might be too strong of a word for it, as there's nothing here other than a "welcome" page, but at least I do have a presence on the web!

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News from 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008

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