One of the signs accompanying the buzz bomb. It reads
JB-2 Loon (V-1 "Buzz Bomb")
The JB-2 was the US made copy of the famous German V-1 surface-to-surface,
pilotless flying bomb first used against England in June 1944. The Republic
Aviation Corporation built the airframe for the JB-2 from drawings prepared at
Wright Field, using dimensions taken from the remains of several V-1s brought
from Germany. The Ford Motor Company built the engine, which was a copy of the
V-1's 900 lbs thrust Argus-Schmidt pulse-jet.
Republic and Ford built 1,000 JB-2s for the Army and Navy. Production
deliveries began in January 1945, but the US Army Air Forces cancelled further
production when World War II ended. The first JB-2 test flight took place at
Eglin Field, Florida, in October 1944. Just before the end of the war, an
aircraft carrier en route to the Pacific took on a load of JB-2s for possible
use in the planned invasion of the Japanese home islands. Although never used
in combat, the JB-2 provided valuable data for the design and construction of
more advanced weapons.
The JB-2 displayed was obtained from the Continental Motors Corporation,
Muskegon, Michigan in December 1956.
||2,100 lb high-explosive warhead
||5,023 lbs loaded