Space Shuttle Enterprise
The first Space Shuttle orbiter, Enterprise, is a full-scale
test vehicle used for flights in the atmosphere and tests on the ground.
Officially designated Orbiter Vehicle 101 (OV-101) Enterprise
is not equipped for spaceflight. It has no propulsion system and only
simulated thermal tiles.
In 1977 Enterprise completed approach and landing tests at
NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center in California. It was flown atop a Boeing
747 carrier airplane and also released for piloted descents to check out its
systems and performance. It later underwent launch vibration tests
and fit checks at other NASA centers. Although Enterprise
never flew in space, it introduced a new era in space transportation and was
the flagship for a fleet of reusable shuttles. The Smithsonian acquired
Enterprise in 1985.
Transferred from NASA
||24 m (78 ft)
||37 m (122 ft)
||17 m (57 ft)
||68,000 kg (150,000 lb)
||Rockewell International (prime contractor)