General Saturn V Diagrams

I come across many Saturn V diagrams which, while interesting, are not so interesting that they necessarily merit their own separate page. I have created this page as a repository for such diagrams.

Saturn V Launch Vehicle

Here's a diagram which identifies each of the stages of the Saturn V launch vehicle:

Saturn V launch vehicle diagram with the stages called out

Click image for a 4844x3176 pixel version of this image in a new window.
Adapted from page 26 of the S-IVB Saturn High Energy Upper Stage and its Development (Douglas Paper No. 4040), located in the Saturn V collection, Dept. of Archives/Special Collections, M. Louis Salmon Library, University of Alabama in Huntsville, which also makes this document available as a 5.1 megabyte PDF.
Scan and adaptation by heroicrelics.

A similar diagram, with the stages and major stage components called out. The height of the launch vehicle is quoted at 364.6 feet:

Saturn V launch vehicle diagram with the stages called out

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From Saturn V Booster - The F-1 Engine by D.E. Aldrich. Located in the Saturn V Collection, Dept. of Archives/Special Collections, M. Louis Salmon Library, University of Alabama in Huntsville.
Scan and cleanup by heroicrelics.

This one provides additional information about each stage:

Cut-away Saturn V launch vehicle diagram with the stages called out

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Adapted from my NASA Facts 33 Saturn V Poster.
Scan and adaptation by heroicrelics.

First Stage
Power: Five F-1 engines with combined thrust of 7.5 million pounds
Propellants:
  • RP-1 kerosene, 214,200 gallons
  • Liquid oxygen, 346,000 gallons
  • Fueled weight of stage: 5,028,000 pounds
Second Stage
Power: Five J-2 engines with combined thrust of 1,000,000 pounds
Propellants:
  • Liquid hydrogen, 267,700 gallons
  • Liquid oxygen, 87,400 gallons
  • Fueled weight of stage: 1,064,000 pounds
Third Stage
Power: One J-2 engine, 200,000 pounds thrust
Propellants:
  • Liquid hydrogen, 66,900 gallons
  • Liquid oxygen, 20,400 gallons
  • Fueled weight of stage: 265,000 pounds
Instrument Unit
Weight: About 4,100 pounds
Apollo Spacecraft

Saturn V/Apollo Vehicle

I have two versions of this diagram, which shows each stage, their major components, and their respective manufacturers, one diagram with an inset showing the complete vehicle and one without the inset.

Saturn V/Apollo Vehicle diagram with major components and their
	manufacturers

Click image for a 3664x2785 pixel version of this image in a new window.
From the second unnumbered page of the F-1 Engine Familiarization Training Manual, located in the archives of the U.S. Space & Rocket Center. Also available from University of Alabama at Huntsville's USSRC Archive [direct link to 16.8M PDF file].
Scan and cleanup by heroicrelics.

The stages, components, and manufacturers called out include

The inset notes that the Saturn V was 360 feet tall and had a total weight of 6,000,000 pounds.

No one seems to know the exact height of the Saturn V, as I've seen 360, 363, and 364.6 feet cited as its height. In reality, its height probably varied, as I imagine that weight of the propellants and the extreme cold of of its cryogenic propellants may have caused it to contract slightly. The difference between 360 and 364.6 feet is about 1.5%.

Saturn V/Apollo Vehicle diagram with major components and their
	manufacturers

Click image for a 3664x2763 pixel version of this image in a new window.
From the second unnumbered page of the F-1 Engine Familiarization Training Manual, located in the archives of the U.S. Space & Rocket Center. Also available from University of Alabama at Huntsville's USSRC Archive [direct link to 16.8M PDF file].
Scan and cleanup by heroicrelics.

Saturn V (SA-501/Apollo 4)

Saturn V diagram showing SA-501/Apollo 4's launch vehicle

Click image for a 2245x5498 pixel version of this image in a new window.
Adapted rom page 6A of the Apollo 4 Press Kit. Located in the Kramer Collection, Dept. of Archives/Special Collections, M. Louis Salmon Library, University of Alabama in Huntsville.
Scan, clean-up, and adaptaion by heroicrelics.

This diagram is from the Apollo 4 Press Kit (Apollo 4).

The stages and components called out include

  • Launch Escape System
  • Command Module
  • Service Module
  • Lunar Module
  • Instrument Unit
  • S-IVB Stage
    • Fuel Tank
    • LOX Tank
    • J-2 Engine (1)
  • S-II Stage
    • Fuel Tank
    • LOX Tank
    • J-2 Engines (5)
  • S-IC Stage
    • LOX Tank
    • Fuel Tank
    • F-1 Engines (5)

It's somewhat odd that a Lunar Module is depicted, as Apollo 4 flew without an actual Lunar Module; the LM did not fly until Apollo 5 (although Apollo 4 did carry a Lunar Module Test Article, LTA-10R).

This diagram identifies the height of the Saturn V as 363 feet, but I noticed that the “363'” is in a different font than the other call-outs. I later found an identical diagram from 1965 which cites an overall vehicle height of “~364.6'” (with this height appearing in the same font as the other captions).

Saturn V Stages (SA-509/Apollo 14)

Driving home my point about no one knowing the exact height of a Saturn V, we have this diagram, of SA-509 (Apollo 14), which shows a height of 363 feet. To add insult to injury, the gross weight is 6,423,754 pounds, well over the 6,000,000 pounds shown above. (Of course, as the program progressed, the Apollo spacecraft grew in weight, and the engines of the various stages were uprated slightly to compensate.)

This diagram merely notes the vehicle's height as 363 feet, the pre-launch launch vehicle gross weight as 6,423,754 pounds, and the following vehicle components

  • IU
  • S-IVB Stage
  • S-II Stage
  • S-IC Stage

Saturn V showing SA-509/Apollo 14's launch vehicle and the S-IC,
	S-II, and S-IVB stages

Click image for a 1153x4068 pixel version of this image in a new window.
From page 1-6 of the Saturn V Flight Manual, SA-509 (MSFC-MAN-509). Located in the Mauldin Collection, Dept. of Archives/Special Collections, M. Louis Salmon Library, University of Alabama in Huntsville.
Scan and cleanup by heroicrelics.

Saturn V (SA-510/Apollo 15)

Saturn V diagram showing SA-510/Apollo 15's launch vehicle

Click image for a 1256x6265 pixel version of this image in a new window.
From the front cover of the Saturn V Flight Manual, SA-510 (MSFC-MAN-510). Located in the Mauldin Collection, Dept. of Archives/Special Collections, M. Louis Salmon Library, University of Alabama in Huntsville.
Scan and reconstruction by heroicrelics.

This diagram is from the cover of the Saturn V Flight Manual, SA-510 (MSFC-MAN-510) (Apollo 15).

Visually, SA-510 through SA-512 are identical to each other but distinguished from earlier launch vehicles by the fact the four ullage motors were removed from S-II interstage. The resultant weight savings helped allow an increase in payload weight (recall that the weight of the Apollo spacecraft had grown substantially starting with Apollo 15, the first of “J missions”: it now carried both additional supplies to support three lunar EVAs as well as the first Lunar Roving Vehicle or LRV).

On SA-510, the S-IC stage also deleted four of the eight retromotors (which, installed beneath the engine fairings, are not visible in this diagram).

Analysis and previous flight experience had shown that adequate separation distance between the S-IC and S-II stages and adequate propellant seating in the S-II stage could be achieved with the deletion of these motors (although the coast period between S-IC engine cut-off and the S-II engine start command was extended by one second, to ensure adequate separate between the two stages).

As it turned out, separation distance on SA-510 was less than predicted and additional analysis showed that failure of one retromotor would fail to provide the desired separation distance or, in the extreme case, even allow recontact of the stages. SA-511 and subsequent returned to using eight retromotors on the S-IC.