The current version of the sign next to the V-1, which made its debut sometime
First test-fired in December, 1941, the German-built V-1 was a winged subsonic
missile. The British nicknamed it the "Buzz Bomb" because of the unusual noise
produced by its aero-pulse jet engine. Beginning in June, 1944, more than
20,000 V-1s were launched against England and Allied-held targets in Europe.
Many V-1s failed to reach their intended target because of their slow speed and
less-than-accurate guidance system. Launched from a ramp and directed to its
target by a pre-set guidance system, the V-1 carried 901.6 kg (1,988 lbs) of
explosives consisting of a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate (Amatol). In
the late 1940s, captured V-1 missiles were used by the U.S. Air Force and Navy
for testing at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico.
||27.1 ft (8.26 m)
||2.75 ft (0.838 m)
||4,858 lbs (21,620N)
||1,100 lbs (4,900N)
||350 mph (560 km/hr)
||150-230 mi (240-370 km)
||German Air Force
Note that the photo on the sign depicts a JB-2 Loon, the American version of the
V-1. Even without the United States Air Force roundel on the fuselage, the
JB-2 an be easily distinguished from the V-1 by the shape of the forward pulse
jet support fairing: the leading and trailing edges of the V-1 fairing were
parallel, both swept back, while the leading edge of the JB-2's fairing was
nearly vertical and its trailing edge swept back at a steep angle.